Corrections and reversals in SAP Treasury

Corrections and reversals in SAP Treasury

SAP provides multiple corporate treasury solutions to streamline, simplify, and standardize your payments, hedging processes, and treasury operations. We can assist you to successfully leverage these SAP solutions in order to simplify processes and converge toward best practice.

As part of an SAP Treasury system implementation or enhancement, we review existing business processes, define bottlenecks and issues, and propose (further) enhancements. Once we have applied these enhancements in your SAP system, we create a series of trainings and user manuals which layout the business process actions needed to correctly use the system.

“It’s only those who do nothing that make no mistakes, I suppose”

This legendary saying of Joseph Conrad is still very valid today, as everyone makes mistakes. Therefore, we help our clients define smooth, seamless and futureproof processes which consider the possibility of mistakes or requirements for correction, and include actions to correct them.

Some common reasons why treasury payments require corrections are:

  • No need for a cash management transfer between house bank anymore
  • Incorrect house/beneficiary bank details were chosen
  • Wrong currency / amount / value date / payment details
  • Incorrect payment method

One of our practices is to first define a flowchart structure in form of decision tree, where each node represents either a treasury process (e.g. bank-to-bank transfer, FX deal, MM deal, Securities etc.), a transaction status in SAP, or an outcome which represents a solution scenario.

We must therefore identify the scope of the manual process, which depends on the complexity of the business case. At each stage of the transaction life cycle, we must identify whether it may be stuck and how it can be rectified or reversed.

Each scenario will bring a different set of t-codes to be used in SAP, and a different number of objects to be touched.

Below is an example of a bank-to-bank cash management transfer which is to be cancelled in SAP.

Figure 1: Bank-to-bank payment reversal

Scenario 2: A single payment request created via t-code FRFT_B and an automatic payment run is executed (F111), BCM is used but the payment batching (FBPM1) is not yet executed.

Step 1: define the accounting document to be reversed

T-code F111, choose the payment run created (one of the options) -> go to Menu -> Edit -> Payments -> Display log (display list) -> note the document number posted in the payment run.

Step 2: Reverse the payment document

T-code FB08: Enter the document number defined in step 1, choose company code, fiscal year and reversal reason, and click POST/SAVE.

SAP creates the corresponding offsetting accounting document.

Step 3: Reverse clearing of the payment request

T-code F8BW: Enter the document number defined in step 1, choose company code, fiscal year and click EXECUTE

The result is the payment request is uncleared.

Step 4: Reverse the payment request

T-code F8BV: enter the payment request (taken from FTFR_B or F111 or F8BT) and press REVERSE.

This step will reverse the payment request itself. Also, you may skip this step if you tick “Mark for cancellation” in STEP 3.

Step 5: Optional step, depending on the client setup of OBPM4 (selection variants)

Delete entries in tables: REGUVM and REGUHM. This is required to disable FBPM1 payment batching in SAP BCM for the payment run which is cancelled. The execution of this step depends on the client setup.

Call functional module (SE37): FIBL_PAYMENT_RUN_MERGE_DELETE with:

  • I_LAUFD : Date of the payment run as in F111
  • I_LAUFI : Identification of the payment run as in F111
  • I_XVORL : empty/blank

The number of nodes and branches comprising the decision tree may vary based on the business case of a client. Multiple correctional actions may also be possible, meaning there is no unique set of the correctional steps applicable for all the corporates.

If you interested in a review of your SAP Treasury processes, their possible enhancements and the corresponding business user manuals, please feel free to reach out to us. We are here to support you!