In the past 20 years, all industries have felt the impact of technological innovation. In some cases, this impact has been so great that disruption has occurred. A clear and often used example is the travel industry, where companies that did not exist 20 years ago, like AirBnB and Booking.com, are now major players.
Since the introduction of the Pillar 1 capital charge for market risk, banks must hold capital for Foreign Exchange (FX) risk, irrespective of whether the open FX position was held on the trading or the banking book. An exception was made for Structural Foreign Exchange Positions, where supervisory authorities were free to allow banks to maintain an open FX position to protect their capital adequacy ratio in this way.